- Rajasthan is the largest state of the country has an area of 343 lac hectare. Out of this only 168 lac hectares is arable land. State has 101 lac hectare of land under wasteland.
- The Aravali range extends from South West to North East divides the state in two parts; on its best there is Thar desert which has an area around 60% of the state. The annual rainfall is 100 mm in dry hot West to 900 mm in South East. Generally out of five years, 3 years are drought affected means untimely, uncertain & varied distribution of rainfall, this is responsible for the unstable crop production. Large part of the rainfall goes waste due to high intensity of rainfall in small time. Proper utilization of runoff does not take place due to lack of Water Harvesting Structures in the watershed area results continuous decline in water level of the wells.
- Normally in Rajasthan duration of rainfall is large which has adverse effect on crop production. Due to decline in crop production of farmer and conversion of arable land to wasteland, there is scarcity of fuel, fodder, milk resulting for their weak socio- economic condition.
- Scarcity of water is the main reason for this situation. Watershed Department if work for preparation of an Action Plan in coordination with other departments, it will definitely be able to provide water for drinking purpose and for assured irrigation.
- As State has 75 percent rural population which depends on agriculture and livestock for their livelihood, hence in light of these conditions of state there is need of Mukhya Mantri Jal Swawlamban Abhiyan to utilize the Four Waters- Rainfall, runoff, Ground Water & in-situ Soil Moisture keeping watershed or Cluster/ index catchment as a unit for Western Rajasthan where there is scanty rainfall & no defined drainage lines.
Objectives of “Mukhya Mantri Jal Swawalamban Abhiyan”
- To ensure effective implementation of water conservation and water harvesting related activities in rural areas through convergence of schemes of various departments keeping in view the existing guidelines.
- Implementation of works through people’s participation by motivating villagers & beneficiaries.
- At village level in Gram sabha after determination of usage of water like drinking, irrigation, livestock & for other commercial purpose & preparing water budget keeping in view of water available from various resources , accordingly works will be identified and proposal get approved for the preparation of action plan of mission.
- Harvesting of available runoff (rain water, ground water, under-ground water & in situ soil moisture) in rural area by treatment of catchment, proper utilization of available water harvesting structures, renovation of the non functional water harvesting structures & creation of new water harvesting structures.
- Development of Forest, land, water & fauna keeping watershed/cluster/index as a unit for natural resource management.
- Permanent Solution of drinking water by making the Village self sufficient in terms of water.
- To increase the Irrigated area through water harvesting & conservation.